It’s Time to Rethink Cava


What comes to mind when I say Cava? Perhaps your initial thoughts are inexpensive and great for mimosas or other sparkling cocktails. Cava has suffered a bit of an identity crisis. Though sales are strong, consumers are often buying it as a base for a sparkling mixer, selecting the first Cava on the shelf or the one with the prettiest bottle. However, Cava is a diverse sparkling wine often crafted in the highest quality; therefore, it is time to give Cava a second look.
Cava can be produced anywhere in Spain; however, the Penedès region, located in Catalonia about an hour from Barcelona, is the birth place of Cava and produces the highest volume of Cava. Cava is produced using the same Methode Traditional as Champagne. In its early days Cava was produced using French grapes in order to rival Champagne. However, after the phylloxera epidemic hit Spain in 1887, most of the French grapes were destroyed, which led to a decision to replant grapes indigenous to the region. This was an important step in distinguishing Cava from Champagne and allowing it to have its own unique journey. Today the three main grapes used to craft Cava are Xarel-lo, Macabeo, and Parellada. Chardonnay is still used by some as a blending grape, and Pinot Noir, along with Garnacha, Trepat, are often used to craft Rosé Cava.

Although Cava has set itself apart from Champagne, it has maintained its use of Methode Traditional to insure it is crafted using the highest quality process. The grapes are first fermented into a still wine, followed by a second fermentation taking place in the bottle that creates the bubbles. The process birthed the name Cava, which means cave, because the minimum aging for Cava is 9 months, with some aging 30 months or more. Furthermore, most Cava is vintage, meaning each bottle is crafted only of grapes from a specific year; therefore, producers use miles of caves under the wineries so the wine can ferment in the bottle in a cool, dark, still environment.

In the Penedès region there is a bounty of producers crafting high quality Cava in a variety of forms. Juvé y Camps crafts Cava with an artisanal spirit. The 2013 Reserva de la Familia ($20) is a classic Cava, the workhouse of the winery, floral and fruity, bright on the palate, no dosage so it is crisp, dry, and refreshing. However, the 2012 Gran Juvé y Camps ($49) and 2006 La Capella Gran Reserva Brut demonstrate that additional time on the less, 42 months and ten years respectively, result in luxurious Cava with tremendous depth and elegance.

Segura Viudas, owned by Freixenet, is a well-known and trusted Cava producer for good reason. The Brut Reserva ($9) and Gran Cuvee Reserva ($14), both with 15 months on the lees, are classic Cavas widely enjoyed. However, the Segura Viudas Reserva Heredad ($25), with 30 months on the lees, illustrates the possibility of bready notes, rich texture, and persistent bubbles of a well-crafted, aged Cava at an affordable price.

Gramona elevates aged Cava to its own level. This fifth generation winemaking family seeks to craft Cavas that are “among the world’s greatest sparkling wines.” They utilize 100% biodynamic practices as well as age the Cava on the lees from 24 to 168 months. The 2012 La Cuvee Gran Reserva ($21) and the 2011 Imperial ($30) are classic representations of Cava, while the 2009 Ill Lustros ( $49; 96 months), 2006 Celler Batlle ($85; 120 months), and 2001 Enoteca Brut Nature ( $234; 168 months) demonstrate the glorious possibilities of well-aged Cava and how it migrates from fresh and crisp to sultry, bready, rich, and luxurious.

If Gramona represents out of the box Cava production, then Parés Baltà has broken the box. They practice organic and biodynamic farming techniques in the vineyard, while using ancient amphoras and other vessels to experiment with winemaking. Their 2010 Blanca Cusine Gran Reserva ($40) spent 60 months on lees, offering bright notes of almonds, marmalade, and flowers. If you can imagine a sexy Cava, this is it.

Finally, Roger Goulart understands Cava production through time. They prolong the aging process as much as is necessary to achieve the highest level of quality. The 2014 Brut Reserva ($19) spent 18 months on the lees, leading to a classic Cava with a kiss of sweetness in a balanced and easy to drink sparkling wine. The 2005 Gran Reserva ($78), with 10 years on the lees, takes Cava to a higher level; elegantly bright and fresh, yet rich depth and texture creates an enduring and sophisticated mouth-feel.

The next time you are buying sparkling wine seek out one of these high quality Cavas and leave the orange juice behind.

Mentioned in this article


  • Cava is very underestimated. There is a lot of ignorance and snobbery for those who think champagne is the only true supply of cava. So hope more people will be educated by reading this.

    Aug 11, 2017 at 10:18 AM

  • Good article!!!

    Aug 17, 2017 at 6:55 AM

  • Thank you both very much. I am glad you enjoyed this article.

    Aug 17, 2017 at 9:07 AM

  • Snooth User: k59mikado
    1489161 30

    Great article, but you let the cat out of the bag. I've been enjoying Cava (and its Italian cousin Prosecco) for some time, without having to pay a fortune per bottle. LOL I prefer a semi-dry sparkling wine as the super dry champagnes give me a headache. The Cavas and Proseccos often have a tad more residual sugar. Just my palate, your tastes may be different.

    Aug 17, 2017 at 3:40 PM

  • Snooth User: rodneyloy
    2146921 15

    Nice article! I've recently been searching for information about this cava for a while and yours is great I've discovered so far.

    Aug 24, 2017 at 1:36 AM

  • Thank you for reading and commenting. I am so glad you enjoyed the article.

    Aug 24, 2017 at 2:46 PM

  • Late responding but I enjoyed the article and I love Cava, I discovered it on a wine trade trip to Spain back in the 1980's when Spain was just starting to seriously promote their wines. Segura Viudas is my go-to favorite. No orange juice needed. Thanks again.

    Oct 07, 2017 at 1:54 AM

  • Cava cannot be produced anywhere in Spain. Apart from the four provinces in Catalonia the Regulatory Board of the Cava D.O. only authorizes specific areas in six other regions; Valencia (Requena), La Rioja including Alava, Navarra, Extremadura, Aragón and the village of Aranda del Duero in Castille and Leon. There are a total of 45 producers in these regions, and if the Catalonia region attains their "projected" independence from Spain, these 45 will quite likely be the only producers permitted to use the term Cava to define their sparkling wines, as the 200 Catalonian producers may possibly be obliged to discontinue using the term. The D.O. is the property of the Spanish Agriculture Ministry. Thusly, Freixenet and Codorniu are considering transferring their headquarters from Sant Sadurni d'Anoia to localities outside of Catalonia.

    Oct 12, 2017 at 5:21 PM

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    Dec 15, 2018 at 5:51 AM

  • Well, as most of you probably know by now, Freixenet is property of Henkell, Codorniu is owned by Carlyle and Juve & Camps by a Dutch investement group. Codorniu transferred its registered HQ to Haro, La Rioja, while Freixenet is holding off moving until the regional upheavels in Catalonia get sorted out.
    Meanwhile, the cava producers outside of Catalonia are "suffering" from massive demands for their "alternatives", as well as the numerous sparkling wine producers in other regions; Galicia, Castille La Mancha, etcetera, more than eighty wieries.

    Dec 16, 2018 at 11:17 AM

  • Amazing post. Thanks for sharing.

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