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Fanagoria Authoring Wine Pinot Noir Merlot 2016

Member Review by ApelsecS:

Fanagoria is always a good wine

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  • 2016

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Color: Red
Blend: Pinot Noir, Merlot
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Fanagoria Winery:
It has passed over half a century since the day when on the site of the ancient polis of Phanagoria a new winery was founded. The history of Fanagoria Estate Winery, as it was called, is marked with persistent creative work, overcoming of the challenges of our time, and of course many brilliant and striking achievements. Today Fanagoria ranks high among Russian biggest winemaking companies.... Read more
It has passed over half a century since the day when on the site of the ancient polis of Phanagoria a new winery was founded. The history of Fanagoria Estate Winery, as it was called, is marked with persistent creative work, overcoming of the challenges of our time, and of course many brilliant and striking achievements. Today Fanagoria ranks high among Russian biggest winemaking companies. We own over 2,300 hectares of sought-after vineyards that prove the high quality of our wines. Fanagoria covers a full winemaking production cycle: from vine nursing up to the sales of its highly sought-after wines. Our main production figures are growing, both qualitatively and quantitatively. So, in 2009 we processed over 25,000 tons of grapes, and produced more than 20 million liters of wine. The Company’s share in the national wine market equals to 4%. High quality remains our highest priority. Our terroir wines are being awarded Grand Prix and gold medals at most prestigious national and international tasting contests, deserving excellent comments of the world’s leading wine experts. Today Fanagoria wine trademark is delivered to most Russian regions and abroad. The Company means to keep its high working pace. We are committing ourselves to the development of the wine consumption culture in Russia, for we are confident in bright prospects for the Russian winemaking. Sincerely yours, Petr Romanishin, Director General, Fanagoria Estate Winery The Legend of Phanagor Once upon an ancient time, when the former glory of the ancient Greece had already sunk into oblivion, Greek refugees from the Isle of Theos in the Ionic sea arrived to the banks of the River Kuban (then – Hyppanis) fleeing from the Persian King Kir’s advancing warriors. Phanagor was the first to have brought noble Greek vines here; and he kept on planting them, tenderly, but assiduously, on his new homeland. Finally, he was rewarded for his endeavours with excellent wine so much reminding his beloved faraway Greece. Phanagor was not only a winemaker, but also a healer, an expert on herbs and potions that cured his compatriots from most painful diseases. Once, when Phanagor was out of the city, there happened a strong wind that dispersed his medical herbs and broke his ceramic vessels-pithoses full of wine. Only one vessel survived, but the wind blew some dry herbs – John’swort and origan – into it. Upon coming back, Phanagor was surprised, for when he tasted the wine from the surviving vessel, he found it so rich in flavour. Yet he got even more surprised the following morning when he felt that all the fatigue of his long journey had vanished. This was how Phanagor discovered the secret of his magic wine, and since then Phanagorian wines made from white grapes have been known as “White Healer”, and those from red grapes – “Black Healer”. Company History Noblesse oblige, the Fanagoria Estate Winery’s official motto, means our commitment to customer excellence. The history of our Company began more than 50 years ago, and since then every year new pages of our historical chronicle have been telling wine connoisseurs about our achievements, confirming firmness of Fanagoria’s leading position at the Russian wine market. For its half-a-century-long history, Fanagoria Estate Winery has been awarded numerous prizes of most prestigious national and international tasting contest: 6 Grand Prix and over 200 medals are quite telling evidence of our wines quality, confirmed by international jury panel. Fanagoria Chronicle             1957 A  winery in Sennoi,  today's.                  Fanagoria's predecessor, founded. 1963 Launch of fanagoria wine & grape juice plant, the biggest in the ussr and 2nd biggest in europe producer of natural grape juices. 1980              Fanagoria grape juices - official talisman of the 22nd olympic games in Moscow. 1996              Agro-industrial company fanagoria, jsc (оао apf fanagoria) founded. The strategic decision on shift to winemaking taken. Launch of the bitter liqueur fanagoria (infused on extracts of 26 local medicinal herbs and jojoba fruit). 2001 Launch of nr1 sub-premium extension. 2002              Launch of charmat-type sparkling wine. 2007              Launch of cru lermont premium extension. Сompany celebration of the company's 50th anniversary. Export into the usa. 2008 Export into israel. 2009 Total acreage of the vineyards equals to 2,500 hectares. Launch of brandy production and mmthode champenoise sparkling wine. Over 25,000 tons of grapes first processed by the winery. Fanagoria announced the brand of the year at moscow international tasting contest. 2010 New launches: cru lermont: pinot noir; bitter liqueur red glade; muscat sparkling nr rosm sparkling nr muscat oaked nr mmthode champenoise brut Fanagoria. nr stands for numeral reserve, due to the number showing on the label the quantity of bottles in a lot. 2011 Production of sub premium "Author's wines", positioned between the Number Reserve and  Cru  Lermont collections is begun. The new line of Fanagoriysky cognac is released . It is expanded a line of Anri cognacs. The area of vineyards to 2500 hectares is increased. "Fanagoria" received medals at the prestigious international exhibitions The Cathay Pacific Hong Kong International Wine & Spirit Competition (HKIWSC), China Wine Awards '2011, Vinnaya Karta Open – 2011, The London International Wine Fair 2011. The Russia's first biological Biologic wine which received the certificate on participation in the Biodivino 2011 exhibition and  certificate about award of high points is let out.  From Fanagoria`s  of vineyards the first large-scale crop of the Riesling was harvested . 2012 In series of sparkling wines "Madam Pompadur" and "Perfidy  and Love" pink semisweet sparkling wines are released. "Fanagoria" filled up a line of premium dry aged   wines of "Cru Lermont" with two new positions - "Cru Lermont. Aligote" and "Cru Lermont Saperavi". Production of the fifth grade of ice Ice Wine wine – Cabernet is begun. The sixth wine "Author's No. 1" of Fanagoria is produced  in addition to five already existing wines of this line : "Cabernet-Saperavi", "Pinot-noir-Merlot", "Cabernet-Tsimlyansky black", "Aligote-Sauvgnion", "Chardonnay -Aligote". Also it was bottled a white dry wine of the geographical denomination "Riesling. Numeric  reserve". Expansion of a network of firm shops of "Fanagoria" 2013 Production of absolutely new product of Chacha of two types is begun at once: Special (40) and Selected  (50%), and also young sparkling wines: "Muscat. Ottonel" and "Cabernet Franc". The line of Author's wine and NR are expanded with production of 0,187 l. and for fans of wine there were Liqueur wines stronger and  sweeter . Also from this year new lines of cognacs are issued: "Old Russian oak" (3 and 5 years) and "Fanagoria" (while only five-year-old). Uniqueness of these cognacs is that all operations from grapes cultivation before bottling of production are made in one place – at the wine-making enterprise "Fanagoria". Unique climate FANAGORIA TERROIRS: TAMAN PENINSULA, KUBAN, NORTH CAUCASUS Kuban is Russia’s main winemaking region that may more accurately be defined as north-eastern Black Sea littoral. It is a narrow strip of land stretching from the Taman peninsula to Novorossiysk, where it crosses the watershed divide of the Main Caucasus Range and goes further south-eastwards to Gelendzhik. The Taman peninsula, the largest viticulturist area of the said region, lying both sides of the 45° N (the latitude of Bordeaux, Piedmont and Oregon), may be referred to as part of the ‘moderate (chilly) vine-growing belt.’ Fanagoria vineyards are located in the Taman peninsula, between the Taman Gulf of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. As on December 1, 2015, the total area of Fanagoria vineyards was 2,650 hecters, including 2,252 hectares of fruiting vines (the rest were young, up to four-year-old grapevines, nurseries for rootstock and grafted (scion) vines. In 2016, the area of the vineyards expanded by 692.6 hectares due to the neighbouring lands rented: 644 ha of fruiting vines, 21 ha of young vines, and a 27.6-hectare nursery). Wine grapes varietal composition: see the spreadsheet sent earlier. Table grape varieties cultivated include: white Augustin/Pleven, Arkadia, Vostorg, Chasselas; red Moldova, Nadezhda AZOS, Shokoladny. *** Early, mid and late-ripening grapevines are equally grown in the Taman region. The vines are not earthed up for winter (as it is done in neighbouring Don Valley, some 400 km to the north of Kuban). The oldest vines are 29 y.o. (planted in 1987). Vine densities: 3 x 2 m, 3.5 x 2 m (the old Aligoté), 3 x 1/5 m, 3 x 1 m. Training systems applied: high-trunk horizontal cordon with free-hanging canes; horizontal cordon with vertically driven canes; two-sided Guyot; spiral cordon. Trimming (leaf removal) and ‘green harvest’ are used on best-quality vineyards. *** The climate is moderately continental. Autumns are warm and protracted. Winter frosts usually begin in mid-January. In February, it often gets warm, but it is spring frosts frequent in March and sometimes even in April that may present a threat for grapevines. The terrain is hilly, with the summits of the hills being the banks and the in-between valleys the arms of the ancient branchy delta of the Kuban River. The prevailing soils are chestnut chernozems (black earth). A peculiarity of the local scenery is mud volcanoes (from geological viewpoint – pseudo-volcanoes). The Taman peninsula is washed by the Black Sea (including the Taman Gulf) and the Sea of Azov, and by the Strait of Kerch joining the two. It stretches for 40 km from north to south, and 66 km from west to east. The area of the Taman peninsula is about 2,000 sq km. The peninsula abuts on the mainland on the east, where there are no hills – that is why, the soothing breath of the seas is combined there with steeply continental impact of the Eurasian steppes. The uniqueness of the local climate lies in water reservoirs that surround the peninsula: the Black Sea is deep and quite salty, with frequent gales in winter; the shallow Taman Gulf has many freshwater springs gushing out from the seabed; and the Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea of the World Ocean, with just a little brackish water due to two large rivers emptying into it – the Kuban and the Don; and a string of shallow limans (salt seaside lakes, in fact bays – for they have access to sea, that formerly were river arms) that occupy up to 60% of the total area of the peninsula. The scenery of the Taman peninsula is a rolling plain. Most of the land is a grassland steppe, with patches of cereals, xerophilous trees and bushes growing on leached chestnut chernozems (over 41,000 ha) and saline soils on carbonated clays and loams. The hillsides are smooth, exposed north- and southwards, with slopes of up to 7° . Weak  soil deflation and ablation is a regional feature of the reviewed soils. Another peculiarity is presence of not deeply deposited underground waters. Mean annual temperature is +11,6 °С. In Taman, in spring the temperature rises and in autumn falls slower than in the inland parts of the Kuban region. Annual total of temperatures above +10 °С (the minimum required for the vegetation to begin) equals to 3,600°, with 208 days in a year with a temperature above +10 °С. Shortage of temperature regime may occur once every ten years. The number of sunny days in a year is 108; that of cloudy days – 105. Diurnal temperature difference during the vegetation period is low – promoting lower speed of accumulation of sugar and lowering of acidity level in the grapes than in the continental climate. Winter frosts are a rare phenomenon in the Taman peninsula. The duration of a frost-free period is 232 days. Mean absolute temperature minimum is - 17 °С, but once in 50 years the temperature may fall as low as - 28 °С. Winters are changeable, with frequent thaws and little snow. Snow cover in quite uncommon and only sometimes it may reach 15 cm. The Taman peninsula is an extremely windy region, where winds of 15 mps and more blow for 32 days in a year. In August, tornadoes may emerge in the Taman Gulf; sometimes they go out to the dry land, and then finish with heavy showers. The weather may change several times a day due to the winds. The prevailing winds are dry north-easterners and easterners from August until February, which bring along fall in temperature. It is southern, south-western and western winds that make the weather get warmer. The winds affect grapevines differently: the positive effect lies in the mixing of the air masses; the negative one occurs when the winds break canes with grape clusters. Still, the winds are the strongest in autumn and winter, so their impact upon the grapevines in the Taman peninsula is less expressed than in other winemaking regions. Precipitation is little – from 420 to 510 mm a year, and 210 to 267 mm during the vegetation period, so Taman may be referred to as an arid climatic zone. Droughts may also occur in the area, although they are usually smoothed by the south-western relatively damp winds blowing in spring. Every third year, the soil faces water stress (1.5 to 2 times lower than the norm). Approximately once every five years, on the contrary, it experiences excess of water. General aridness of the climate is mitigated by abundant night and dawn dew. In the years with high precipitation, there is a threat of fungal diseases and moulds, which makes it necessary to take intensive agrotechnical measures. The history of the area Centuries-Old Heritage Fanagoria Estate Winery is located in the historical viticultural region in the western part of the Taman Peninsula, between the Black and Azov Seas. It is the site of the ancient Greek polis of Phanagoria known since 6th century BC and named after Phanagor, a courageous leader of the Greek settlers. In the 4th – 2nd centuries BC, Phanagoria was a major trade centre of the Kingdom of Bosporus, then the biggest state in the Northern Black Sea area. The dwellers of Phanagoria used to grow vine and make wine, as it is proved by archaeological findings of grape stones, measuring vessels, wine amphorae, and grape clusters engraved on Phanagorian coins. Approx. a dozen of ancient wineries dating back to the 2nd century BC – 2nd century AD, have survived until now. One of them, found in direct proximity to the contemporary winery, will be reconstructed and thus available for all Fanagoria Winery visitors. Having survived the invasion of nomadic tribes of the Goths and Huns, the polis of Phanagoria flourished till the end of the 14th century. During its history, he was the capital of Magna Bulgaria, one of the major cities of old Rus’ Tmutorokan Principality, until it was eventually destroyed – first by the troops of Barbarian tribes, and then – submerged in sea.  The revival of Kuban winemaking took place in the last third of the 19th century. It was then that from France, classical grape varieties – Chardonnay , Sauvignon, Claret – would be imported to serve as the basis for future winemaking. Organization of Temriuk Winemaking Department was the following step to follow. By the beginning of the 20th century, Kuban became one of the winegrowing regions of the Russian Empire. Before World War I, its annual yields equaled to 16 million kg. Alas, no proper attention was paid thereafter until the 1950’s. So, only the opening of a new winery in the settlement of Sennoi (the future Fanagoria Estate Winery) became a landmark in the rebirth of the history of the local wines. Production of barrels Owing to extraction of the oak wood components, barrel ageing is known to ensure constancy of physico-chemical and biochemical processes required for wine perfection. Thus, a wooden barrel is an ideal system for wine seasoning. The oaked wine bouquet is a complex mix of hundreds of compounds of different chemical classes, many of which considerably differ from one another in chemical buildup, concentration and degree of influence upon the wine’s flavour and taste. Wood Oak wood is globally recognized as the main material used to produce the barrels for wine, brandy, etc. ageing. It is its moderate permeability for gases, impermeability for liquids, and active interaction with the beverage inside the barrel that significantly affects the parameters of technological process and the quality of the wine or brandy. A profound investigation into the Russian-grown oak carried out at Moscow Scientific Research Institute of Winemaking, Brewing and Soft Drink Industry has proved that its quality equals or even excels in some respects that of the oaks grown in the world-famous French appellations. The Caucasian oak wood has all the properties required for the production of high quality wine barrels. Our barrels are made from Caucasian (Circassian) rock oak using the traditional technology.  The Caucasian oak wood may be subdivided into the following 3 groups, varying in the degrees of porousness: • oak from Apsheronsk area: having big vessels, and with a big stock of phenols; • oak from Afipsky area: having fine to medium-sized vessels; • oak from Khadyzhensk area: having fine vessels. Our barrels are crafted from the oaks grown from the Adyghe Republic down to Russia’s Black Sea coast. It is substances of lignin-tannin complex that are considered the components of oak wood most importantly affecting the wine’s colour, flavour and taste. Solutions of wood tannins have an astringent and rather bitter taste, but presence of hydrolysable tannins easily oxidized in the process of wine seasoning would give softness and fullness to the wine’s taste. The quality of Russian oak is recognized worldwide: it was successfully used both in the ex-USSR and West Europe (France included) to make high quality wines and spirits. We use 80- to 100-year-old oak, with a density of no less than 4 annual rings per 1cm.  Production Technology Barrel frame firing is one of the most important stages of the production process. To fix the stave’s shape, firing on braziers is used: in this case, the staves would not return to their original shape. Heat treatment removes strain off the barrel’s frame, and tightly grips the frame’s staves at junction points, thereby increasing the barrel’s rigidity. The barrels are made of split or sawn oak staves. The barrel’s frame would be bended on open fire braziers. There may be 3 degrees of firing: weak, medium, and strong. Having exposed to firing, the wood becomes more aromatic due to the caramelization of the sugars it contains. Then the barrels are bound with leaded hoops and clinchers. Wine barrel staves are dried for 1 to 1.5 years in open air, while brandy staves are dried in drying bins for 45 to 50 days.   Read less

Member Reviews for Fanagoria Authoring Wine Pinot Noir Merlot

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Snooth User: ApelsecS
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Fanagoria is always a good wine


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